In January 2023, a project called PaleoMIX began at the University of Tartu. As part of the project, archaeologists, chemists, and paleogeneticists from the Baltics are learning how to apply innovative bioarchaeology and computer science methods to investigate our cultural heritage more sustainably and effectively. The project is funded by the European Commission’s European Horizon program, with additional support from the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).

The project will last for three years and involve international collaboration with renowned research centers at the universities of York, Copenhagen, and Burgos. The use of innovative methods will enable researchers to investigate unresolved historical questions, such as the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. The focus will be on how agriculture arrived at our latitudes, how migrants adapted to a cooler climate, how domestication of animals took place, and how it affected the health of people at that time.